February 13, 2017
Obesity and mental illness: an epidemic within an epidemic
Dr. Elizabeth Dettmer is Staff Psychologist and Mental Health Lead with the SickKids Team Obesity Management Program (STOMP). She is also Project Investigator at SickKids Research Institute, a Project Lead with the Medical Psychiatry Alliance and Assistant Professor in the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Toronto.
“I’ve always felt different – larger – and that somehow, it’s my fault.”
Many teens attending the SickKids Team Obesity Management Program (STOMP) share similar feelings. Societal messages make them feel responsible for their size. They feel excluded. Some actually feel targeted. A patient once told me that while eating a granola bar on the subway, a stranger asked, “Do you really need that?”
The pressure these teens face to achieve an acceptable body size combined with social marginalization often propels them into various states of anxiety, depression, disordered eating, binge eating, and suicidal ideation.
In fact, obesity and mental illness are so frequently combined that they constitute an epidemic within an epidemic. To further complicate the situation, the medications prescribed for the treatment of some mental health issues can lead to unstable eating behaviour and weight gain. Such complex issues and interactions, especially among teens, cannot be managed by weight management strategies alone.
During Psychology Month this February, let us reflect on the progress we’ve made for these teens and their families. We know that mental health providers have recently become incorporated into thoughtful weight management programs around the world. In this vein, the SickKids Team Obesity Management Program (STOMP) is a similar initiative, with a strong mental health component. Physicians, mental health providers and the rest of the interdisciplinary team here at SickKids work collaboratively with patients and their families to develop a contextualized treatment plan in support of healthy eating and active living.
While a traditional outpatient intervention works for some patients, for others, the situation is so complex that more intense strategies must be developed. Similar programs are required in the management of other eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia. In order to meet the needs of these patients, a collaborative effort was mounted between STOMP, the SickKids Psychiatry Acute Inpatient Day Hospital and Emergency Care Program (AIDE), and the SickKids Eating Disorders Program.
With support from the Medical Psychiatry Alliance, these programs were afforded the resources to combine expertise and to develop a comprehensive day treatment program for teens whose complex physical and mental health issues, including eating and weight issues, cannot be managed in the traditional outpatient setting.
The combined AIDE/STOMP Day Treatment program, which is the first of its kind in Canada, was launched in the summer of 2016 and integrates mental health treatment with specialized programming about healthy eating and active living. The goal is to provide a specialized, holistic approach to overall health for these vulnerable teens who might otherwise be lost to the system.
Even though the program is in its early days, the first group of patients we have seen through this holistic approach have shown meaningful progress, which gives us hope that we are on the right track to providing the kind of care these youth and their families need.