Requirements for Research in Developing Countries
Juan Lozano of Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (PUJ), Santa Fe de Bogotá,Colombia was invited to discuss the issue of existing global resources for the study of birth asphyxia, including the potential role of the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (“Inclen”) and Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trials in Health Care (“Practihc”) and the need for training and consultative resources for the study of birth asphyxia
Dr. Lozano began by posing the question: “Do we need a global research agenda?” He then answered this question with the following points:
- Global, complex problems, including birth asphyxia, cannot be studied or solved through isolated efforts.
- Health research resources are scarce and therefore coordination is required for wiser use.
- Cooperation contributes to capacity building and to partnership development.
Dr. Lozano then discussed general strategies for global health research. These include:
- Advocacy for better distributed health research
- Priority setting at national, regional and global levels
- Strategic alliances and public-private partnerships
He believes that all of the above lead to improved research capacity in less developed settings and equity in research
Dr. Lozano then spoke of international research networks that could contribute to the development of global paediatric research capacity. Among these are:
This is a global network of clinical epidemiologists, biostatisticians, social scientists and other health professionals dedicated to improving the health of disadvantaged populations, particularly in low and middle income countries, by using the network to conduct collaborative, inter-disciplinary research and to train future generations of leaders in health-care research. At this point Inclen includes 700 researchers in 26 countries in 46 clinical epidemiology units. Details concerning Inclen are available on its Web site: http://www.inclen.org/. Clearly there is a potential role for Inclen in global research into birth asphyxia.
This resource is potentially of great importance for the training of researchers studying global health problems. It is a European Union funded program which provides open-access tools, training and mentoring to researchers in developing countries who are interested in designing and conducting randomized control trials. Details can be found on the Practihc Web site: http://www.practihc.org/. Practihc will provide workshops for training.