Brian Kavanagh, MB, BSc, MRCP(I), FRCP(C), FFARCS(I) Hons
The Hospital for Sick Children
Critical Care Medicine
University of Toronto
Department of Anesthesia
Dr. Geoffrey Barker Chair in Critical Care Medicine
Alternate Contact: Kathy Boyko
Alternate Phone: 416-813-6860
Alternate Fax: 416-813-5313
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Dr. Kavanagh graduated from University College Dublin (Ireland) in 1985. Following residency in internal medicine in Dublin and in anesthesia (residence and fellowship) in Toronto, he trained in critical care medicine in Stanford. He returned to the Toronto General Hospital in 1994 and in 1999 moved to The Hospital for Sick Children where he is a clinician-scientist and holds the Dr. Geoffrey Barker Chair in Critical Care Medicine.
He is a professor of anesthesia, medicine and physiology, and in 2006 was appointed as chair of the Department of Anesthesia at the University of Toronto. His laboratory investigates molecular and physiological mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury and the mechanisms of action of CO2 on the lung, and is supported by two operating grants and a career award from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR), and a program award from the Ontario Government.
Dr. Kavanagh regularly presents at international meetings and chairs the Organizing Committee for the Critical Care Canada Forum. He is on the editorial advisory boards of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, and is an associate editor of Anesthesiology.
- Mechanical ventilation
- Lung injury
- Carbon dioxide
- Critical care medicine
My laboratory has been investigating the effects and mechanisms of lung damage associated with mechanical ventilation.
We have found that adverse ventilatory strategy may permit the release of bacterial products from the lungs into the blood stream, and that increased levels of carbon dioxide may be protective against lung damage and systemic organ injury.
These findings are potentially applicable to critically ill patients on life support devices in Intensive Care Units.
Kornecki A, Engelberts D, McNamara P, Jankov RP, McCaul C, Ackerley C, Post M, Kavanagh BP. Vascular remodeling alters ventilator-induced lung injury. Anesthesiology 108: 1047-1054, 2008
Grasso F, Engelberts D, Helm E, Frndova H, Jarvis S, McKerlie C, Babyn P, Post M, Kavanagh BP. Negative pressure ventilation – better oxygenation and less lung injury. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 177: 412-418, 2008
Tsuchida S, Engelberts D, Peltekova V, McKerlie C, Post M, McLoughlin P, Kavanagh BP. Atelectasis redistributes ventilator-induced lung injury. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 174: 279-289, 2006
Duggan M, McNamara P, Engelberts D, Pace-Asciak C, Post M, Kavanagh BP. Oxygen attenuates atelectasis-induced injury in the in vivo rat lung. Anesthesiology 103:522-531, 2005
Kavanagh BP. Prone positioning in children with ARDS - positive reflections on a negative clinical trial (editorial). Journal of the American Medical Association 294:248-250, 2005
Kornecki A, Tsuchida S, Kumar Ondiveeran H, Engelberts D, Frndova H, Tanswell AK, Post M, McKerlie C, Belik J, Fox-Robichaud A, Kavanagh BP. Lung development and susceptibility to ventilator-associated lung injury. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 171:743-752, 2005
Duggan M, Kavanagh BP. Atelectasis: a pathogenic perioperative entity (review). Anesthesiology 102:838-854, 2005
Kavanagh BP. Therapeutic hypercapnia - careful science, better trials (editorial). American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 171:96-97, 2005
Parshuram C, Kavanagh BP. Positive clinical trials: understand the control group before implementing the result (critical care perspective). American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 170:223-226, 2004
Copland BI, Martinez F, Kavanagh BP, Engelberts D, McKerlie C, Belik J, Post M. High VT ventilation causes different inflammatory responses in newborn versus adult lungs. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 169: 739-748, 2004