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About Sickkids
About SickKids

Ian Kitai, MB, BCh, FRCP(C)

The Hospital for Sick Children
Staff Physician, TB Specialist
Infectious Diseases

University of Toronto
Associate Professor

Other Positions

Rouge Valley Health System
Infection Control
Medical Consultant

Phone: 416-813-6273
Email: ian.kitai@sickkids.ca

Brief Biography

Dr. Kitai trained in Medicine in South Africa, in Paediatrics in the U.K. and Toronto and in Paediatric Infectious Diseases in Toronto. He has worked for three years for Oxfam (U.K.) in rural Zimbabwe and for two years with the Northern Medical Unit of the University of Manitoba. He is currently in consulting paediatric practice in Ajax and is the TB specialist at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Toronto. From 2002 to 2006 he was a medical consultant in Infection Control at the Rouge Valley Health System and received the Council award from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario partly for his work during SARS.

Clinical Care Activities

Paediatric tuberculosis, paediatric infectious diseases and general paediatrics.

Academic Background

University of Witwatersrand, 1972-01-01 - 1977-12-31

Research Interests

Management of paediatric tuberculosis, infection control in a community setting.

Research Activities

  • Clinical presentation of TB at different ages
  • Immunity to TB in children
  • Diagnostic imaging modalities in paediatric TB


2004 - College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario Council Award

1991 - The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto
Odaantjie foundation award for excellence in clinical teaching
Second prize, Tisdall award for excellence in paediatric research


Select recent publications

Rose W, Kitai I *Kakkar F, Read S, Bitnun A.  Quantiferon Gold-in-tube assay for TB screening in HIV infected children: influence of quantitative values. BMC Infectious Diseases 2014, 14:516  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-14-516

Kordy F, Richardson SE, Stephens D, Lam R, Jamieson F, Kitai I. Utility of Gastric Aspirates for Diagnosing Tuberculosis in Children in a Low Prevalence Area: Predictors of Positive Cultures and Significance of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Aug 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Hildebrand K, Atkinson A, Kitai I. Rifampin hypersensitivity in a two-year old child with successful rapid oral desensitization. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Jul;33(7):787

Rose W, Read S, Bitnun A, Rea E, Stephens D, *Pongsamart W, Kitai I. Relating tuberculosis (TB) contact characteristics to QuantiFERON-TB-Gold and tuberculin skin test results in the Toronto pediatric TB clinic.  J Ped Infect Dis (2014)doi: 10.1093/jpids/piu024 (published ahead of print)

Kitai I, Morris SK: Encounters with an old foe: Childhood tuberculosis in Canada.  Pediatr Child Health  2014; 89-90.

Kitai I.  Demers AM. Paediatric Tuberculosis.  in Menzies D (ed) Canadian TB Standards, 7th Edition, Public Health Agency of Canada and Canadian Thoracic Society. Prerelease available at http://www.respiratoryguidelines.ca/tb-standards-2013 Canadian Respiratory Journal July/August 2013, Volume 20, Supplement SA     

Science M, Ito S, Kitai I. 1. Isoniazid toxicity in a 5 year old boy. Practice: CMAJ. 2013;185: 894-6

Schwartz K, Al-Rasheed A, Laxer R, Lam R, Kitai I. Monoarthritis in a four year old child. Paediatr Child Health 2012 17: 387-90

Thampi N, Stephens D, Rea E, Kitai I. Unexplained deterioration during antituberculous therapy in children and adolescents: clinical presentation and risk factors. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 31:129-33.

Greenaway C, Sandoe A, Vissandjee B, Kitai I, et al.  Tuberculosis: evidence review for newly arriving immigrants and refugees.   CMAJ. 2011: 183 E824-925  

Al-Dabbagh M, Lapprha K, Pattar R, Inrig K, Sauve L, Simon Schaaf H, Marais BJ,  Kitai I and Kollmann TR. Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Review of Pediatric Treatment Guidelines.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 30:501-505

Kakkar F, Ling D, Pai M, Allen U,  Kitai I (for the Canadian Pediatric Society) Tuberculosis in Children: new diagnostic blood tests. Paediatr Child Health 2010;15(8):529-33

Pau WS, AlSaffar H, Weinstein M, Kitai I. Sporotrichoid-like tuberculosis.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 28:1135-6.  

Phongsamart W,  Kitai I,  Gardam M,  Wang J,  Khan K N. A population-based study of tuberculosis in children and adolescents in Ontario.  Pediatr Infect Dis J 2009; 28:416-9

Hawkes M, Kitai I, Blaser S et al:  Neuroimaging findings in isoniazid central nervous system toxicity, presumed intramyelinic edema. Eur J Paediatr Neurology 2008 Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print] (C)  

Kam A,  Ford-Jones EL, Malloy P, Khan K, Kitai I. Active Tuberculosis Among Adolescents In Toronto, Canada: Clinical features and delays in diagnosis. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2007: 26: 355-356 (SRI)