Steven Schwartz, MD, FRCPC
The Hospital for Sick Children
Head, Division of Cardiac Critical Care
Critical Care Medicine
Division Head, Cardiac Critical Care
Labatt Family Heart Centre
Senior Associate Scientist
Physiology & Experimental Medicine
University of Toronto
Critical Care Medicine and Paediatrics
For more information, visit: Cardiac Critical Care
Cardiac Critical Care
Dr. Schwartz received his medical degree from Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan and went on to complete internship and residency in pediatrics at St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children (Temple University) in Philadelphia, fellowship in pediatric cardiology at C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital (The University of Michigan) in Ann Arbor, Michigan and fellowship in pediatric critical care medicine at Children’s Hospital (Harvard University) in Boston, Massachusetts. During this time, he also completed a Masters of Science at the University of Michigan School Of Public Health in Biostatistics and Clinical Research Design. Dr. Schwartz was appointed to the faculty of the University of Cincinnati School Of Medicine and Cincinnati Children’s Hospital in 1996 in the Divisions of Cardiology and Molecular Cardiovascular Biology and served as Co-Director of Cardiac Intensive Care for almost 10 years. He joined the medical staff at The Hospital for Sick Children in January 2006 as Head of the Division of Cardiac Critical Care Medicine. Dr. Schwartz has authored or co-authored numerous papers and book chapters on clinical care and underlying mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction in critically ill infants and children with congenital heart disease and is a frequent speaker at national and international meetings. He is particularly interested in the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on neonatal cardiac function and on the role that genetics might play in response to cardiac surgery and pharmacological cardiovascular support. Dr. Schwartz holds certification by the American Board of Pediatrics in both Critical Care Medicine and Cardiology.
Clinical Care Activities
Cardiac Intensive Care
Schwartz, S.M., Slavik, Z., Ho, S.Y. Cardiac Anatomy. In: Nichols, D.G. (ed): Rogers’ Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkens, 2008, pp 997-1011.
Schwartz, S.M., Millar, J. Postoperative Care Of The Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patient: Lesion-Specific Management. In: Nichols, D.G. (ed): Rogers’ Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkens, 2008, pp 1181-1186.
Schwartz, SM, Nelson, DP, Dent, CL, Musa, NL, Wheeler DS. Single-Ventricle Lesions. In: Wheeler, D.S., Wong H.S., Shanley, T.P. (eds): Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence London: Springer-Verlag, 2007, pp706-715.
Dent, C.L., Schwartz, S.M. Post-Operative Care of the Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patient. In: Wheeler, D.S., Wong H.S., Shanley, T.P. (eds): Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence London: Springer-Verlag, 2007, pp752-764.
Schwartz, S.M., Wessel, D.L.: Medical cardiovascular support in acute viral myocarditis in children. Pediatr Crit Care Med 7(6 Suppl):S12-S16, 2006.
Schwartz, S,M,: Cardiomyocyte function. In: Slonim, A.D., Pollack, M.M. (eds): Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkens, 2006, pp197-204.
Berger III, J.T., Schwartz, S.M., Nelson, D.P.: Congenital Heart Disease. In: Slonim, A.D., Pollack, M.M. (eds): Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkens, 2006, pp623-632.
Kulik, T., T.M. Giglia, K.C. Kocis, L.T. Mahoney, Schwartz, S.M. G. Wernovsky, D.L. Wessel: ACC/AHA/AAP Recommendations for Training in Pediatric Cardiology. Task Force 5: Requirements for Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care. JACC 46(7)1396-9, 2005.
Duffy, J.Y., Schwartz, S.M. J.M. Lyons, J.H. Bell, C.J. Wagner, B. Zingarelli, J.M. Pearl: Calpain inhibition decreases endothelin-1 levels and pulmonary hypertension after cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Crit Care Med 33(3):623-8, 2005.
Schwartz, S.M.: Cellular Mechanisms. In: Wernovsky, G., Shaddy, R.E. (eds): Heart Failure in Children: From the Fetus Through Adult Congenital Heart Disease. New York, NY, Marcel Dekker, Inc., Publishing Co, 2005, pp65-104.
Duffy, J.Y., D.P. Nelson, Schwartz, S.M. C.J. Wagner, S.M. Bauer, J.M. Lyons, J.L. McNamara, J.M. Pearl: Glucocorticoids reduce cardiac dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest in neonatal piglets. Pediatr Crit Care Med 5(1):28-34, 2004.
Schwartz, S.M., J.Y. Duffy, J.M. Pearl, S. Goins, C.J. Wagner, D.P. Nelson: Glucocorticoids preserve calpastatin and troponin I during cardiopulmonary bypass in immature pigs. Pediatr Res 54(1):91-7, 2003
Schroeder, V.A., J.M. Pearl, Schwartz, S.M. T.P. Shanley, P.B. Manning, D.P. Nelson: Combined steroid treatment for congenital heart surgery improves oxygen delivery and reduces post-bypass inflammatory mediator expression. Circ 107(22):2823-28, 2003.
Walsh M.A., McCrindle, B.W., Dipchand, A.I, Manlhiot, C, Hickey, E,Caldarone, CA, Van Arsdell, GS, Schwartz, S.M. Left Ventricular Morphology And Size Predict Outcome After Norwood Palliation. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, May, 2007.
Walsh, M., Schwartz, S., Zhang, G., Holtby, H., Caldarone, C., Redington, A.N., Van Arsdell, G.S., Li, J. Left ventricular hypertrophy significantly correlates with total cardiac output in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome following the Norwood procedure. Critical Care Medicine, 2007, (Suppl) 35;12.