Special health conditions
Travellers who are pregnant
Immunization during pregnancy requires careful evaluation of the potential risks of a vaccine-preventable disease versus the possible risks of vaccination for both the mother and the fetus. In general, vaccinations should be avoided in the first trimester. Live virus vaccines (such as oral typhoid) should be avoided in all trimesters.
Travellers who are immunodeficient
An increasing number of Canadians are living with conditions that reduce immune competence, including organ transplantation, HIV infection, cancer, and treatment with corticosteroids or immunosuppressive agents. Travel-related risks for the immunocompromised traveler depend on the immune status of the person.
Travelling with a health condition
Living with a chronic health condition does not mean you should not travel. By planning ahead you can enjoy your trip just like everyone else.
- If your trip will take you outside of Canada, your first step should be to consult our travel clinic to see if you require interventions
- Carry a letter from your doctor explaining your condition and any medical supplies you may require
- Carry a record of all medications you take and the vaccinations you have had. Keeping this travel health record up-to-date will provide a convenient place to record this important information
- If you will cross time zones, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice about whether you will need to adjust your medication dosing schedule
- Be sure to take enough extra medication to last in the event your return is delayed
- Arrange for health insurance before you depart