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A seizure is caused by a sudden electrical disturbance in the brain. Because the brain controls the body, this disturbance affects the body. Seizures look very different in different people, depending on the effects of a seizure and its location in the brain.

There are many different types of seizures, and they may be subtle or dramatic. A child with absence seizures can simply look like he is daydreaming or “spacing out” for a couple of seconds, while a child with tonic-clonic seizures will fall to the floor and convulse.

Epilepsy is actually a general term for a number of different conditions. A child is diagnosed with epilepsy if he or she has two or more unprovoked seizures -- that is, seizures that were not caused by an acute illness, fever, or recent head injury.

Learn more about the treatment of Epilepsy