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PEM Ortho X-ray Curriculum


  1. When interpreting elbow x-rays, consider injury mechanism
  2. Consider x-raying above and below the joint


  1. Fleisher, GR, & Ludwig, S, eds. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2000.
  2. Yamamoto, LG, Inaba, AS & DiMauro, RM.  1994. Radiology Cases in Pediatric Emergency Medicine [online]. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Kapiolani Medical Center For Women And Children, Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii, John A. Burns School of Medicine [cited 29 July 2005]. Available from World Wide Web: (http://www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/pemxray.html)