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PEM Ortho X-ray Curriculum


  • Fractures of the clavicle are the most common fractures of the shoulder in children, yet rarely require orthopedic follow-up or consultation
  • AC separation and shoulder dislocations are primarily seen in adolescents involved in contact sports and with trauma
  • Proximal humeral fractures are often Salter I and II fractures
  • Transverse humeral fractures in young infants have a higher incidence of non-accidental trauma


  1. Fleisher, GR, & Ludwig, S, eds. Textbook of Paediatric Emergency Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2000. 
  2.  www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/rad/ext/