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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Select recent publications

 Creating Tools |  Clinical Leadership | New Discoveries  | Innovation |  Next Generation

New Discoveries

  1. Catapano J, Antonyshyn K, Zhang JJ, Gordon T, Borschel GH. Corneal Neurotization Improves Ocular Surface Health in a Novel Rat Model of Neurotrophic Keratopathy and Corneal Neurotization. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2018;59(11):4345-4354.
  2. Tajdaran K, Chan K, Zhang J, Gordon T, Borschel GH. Local FK506 dose-dependent study using a novel three-dimensional organotypic assay. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2019;116(2):405-414.
  3. Catapano J, Zhang J, Scholl D, Chiang C, Gordon T, Borschel GH. N-Acetylcysteine Prevents Retrograde Motor Neuron Death after Neonatal Peripheral Nerve Injury. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;139(5):1105e-1115e.
  4. Gordon T, Borschel GH. The use of the rat as a model for studying peripheral nerve regeneration and sprouting after complete and partial nerve injuries. Exp Neurol. 2017;287(Pt 3):331-347.
  5. Tajdaran K, Chan K, Gordon T, Borschel GH. Matrices, scaffolds, and carriers for protein and molecule delivery in peripheral nerve regeneration. Exp Neurol. 2018.


  1. Podolsky DJ, Fisher DM, Wong KW, Looi T, Drake JM, Forrest CR. Evaluation and Implementation of a High-Fidelity Cleft Palate Simulator. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;139(1):85e-96e.
  2. Podolsky DJ, Fisher DM, Wong Riff KW, et al. Assessing Technical Performance and Determining the Learning Curve in Cleft Palate Surgery Using a High-Fidelity Cleft Palate Simulator. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018;141(6):1485-1500.
  3. Podolsky DJ, Wong Riff KW, Drake JM, Forrest CR, Fisher DM. A High Fidelity Cleft Lip Simulator. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2018;6(9):e1871.

Creating Tools

EAR-Q Measures
Klassen AF, Longmire NM, Bulstrode NW, et al. Development of a New Patient-reported Outcome Measure for Ear Conditions: The EAR-Q. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2018;6(8):e1842.

CLEFT-Q  Measures
Klassen AF, Riff KWW, Longmire NM, et al. Psychometric findings and normative values for the CLEFT-Q based on 2434 children and young adult patients with cleft lip and/or palate from 12 countries. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. 2018;190(15):E455-E462.
Wong Riff KW, Tsangaris E, Goodacre T, et al. International multiphase mixed methods study protocol to develop a cross-cultural patient-reported outcome instrument for children and young adults with cleft lip and/or palate (CLEFT-Q). BMJ open. 2017;7(1):e015467.
Wong Riff KWY, Tsangaris E, Goodacre TEE, et al. What Matters to Patients With Cleft Lip and/or Palate: An International Qualitative Study Informing the Development of the CLEFT-Q. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2018;55(3):442-450.

SCAR-Q MEasures
Klassen AF, Ziolkowski N, Mundy LR, et al. Development of a New Patient-reported Outcome Instrument to Evaluate Treatments for Scars: The SCAR-Q. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2018;6(4):e1672.

Clinical Leadership

Clinical evaluation in pediatric plastic surgery
Ho ES, Ayling Campos A, Klar K, Davidge K. Evaluation of pain in pediatric upper extremity conditions. J Hand Ther. 2018;31(2):206-214.
Hong BY, Ho ES, Zellner E, Phillips JH, Forrest CR. Comparing Cephalic Index and Midsagittal Vector Analysis in Assessing Morphology in Sagittal Synostosis: A CT-Based Morphometric Analysis. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2018:1055665618815400.

Facial paralysis
Roy M, Klar E, Ho ES, Zuker RM, Borschel GH. Segmental Gracilis Muscle Transplantation for Midfacial Animation in Mobius Syndrome: A 29-Year Experience. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019;143(3):581e-591e.
Domantovsky I, Copeland J, Clancy RM, Zuker RM, Borschel GH. Long-Term Outcomes of Smile Reconstruction in Mobius Syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018;141(6):868e-882e.

Craniofacial conditions
Copeland AE, Hoffman CE, Tsitouras V, et al. Clinical Significance of Venous Anomalies in Syndromic Craniosynostosis. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2018;6(1):e1613
Al-Shaqsi S, Zellner E, Ching J, Forrest C, Phillips J. The Natural History of Cranial Morphology in Sagittal Craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2018;29(4):852-855.

Cleft lip and palate
Tse RW, Knight RJ, Fisher DM. Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts. Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS. 2018;71(11):1600-1608.
Mercan E, Oestreich M, Fisher DM, et al. Objective Assessment of the Unilateral Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity Using Three-Dimensional Stereophotogrammetry: Severity and Outcome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018;141(4):547e-558e.

Brachial plexus birth injuries
Ho ES, Klar K, Klar E, Davidge K, Hopyan S, Clarke HM. Elbow flexion contractures in brachial plexus birth injury: function and appearance related factors. Disability and rehabilitation. 2018:1-5.
Bains R, Kattan A, Curtis CG, Stephens D, Borschel G, Clarke HM. Active Range of Motion Over Time in Patients With Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy: A 10-Year Analysis. J Hand Surg Am. 2018;43(4):386 e381-386 e387.

Congenital hand differences
Ho ES, Bradley CS, Borschel GH, Kelley SP. Rehabilitation post-distraction osteogenesis for brachymetacarpia: a case report. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2018.
Zuo KJ, Willand MP, Ho ES, Ramdial S, Borschel GH. Targeted Muscle Reinnervation: Considerations for Future Implementation in Adolescents and Younger Children. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018;141(6):1447-1458.

Burn and hypertrophic scars
Vrouwe SQ, Jeschke MG, Fish JS. Are we headed for a shortage of burn care providers in Canada? Burns. 2018;44(4):1000-1004.
Zuccaro J, Muser I, Singh M, Yu J, Kelly C, Fish J. Laser Therapy for Pediatric Burn Scars: Focusing on a Combined Treatment Approach. J Burn Care Res. 2018;39(3):457-462.

Corneal neurotrophic keratopathy
Catapano J, Fung SSM, Halliday W, et al. Treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy with minimally invasive corneal neurotisation: long-term clinical outcomes and evidence of corneal reinnervation. Br J Ophthalmol. 2019.
Fung SSM, Catapano J, Elbaz U, Zuker RM, Borschel GH, Ali A. In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Reveals Corneal Reinnervation After Treatment of Neurotrophic Keratopathy With Corneal Neurotization. Cornea. 2018;37(1):109-112.

  1. Cheng H, Podolsky DJ, Fisher DM, et al. Teaching Palatoplasty Using a High-Fidelity Cleft Palate Simulator. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018;141(1):91e-98e.
  2. Retrouvey H, Zuo KJ, Ho ES, Forrest CR. The impact of a career night information session on medical students' perceptions of the scope of practice of plastic surgeons. Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS. 2018;71(6):945-946.
  3. Yumeen S, Ho ES, Wong K, Borschel GH. What Factors Influence Resident Research Publication in the Division of Plastic Surgery: J Surg Educ. 2018;75(2):409-416.