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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Vascular Malformations

Vascular malformations can be classified as slow-flow malformations and fast-flow malformations. The slow-flow malformations include lymphatic, capillary and venous malformations. The fast-flow malformations include arteriovenous and arteriovenous fistulae malformations. There are also complex combinations of these malformations.

Vascular malformations are the result of developmental errors in the formation of vascular channels and are present at birth although some are not obvious for several years. They remain throughout life and slowly grow in a proportionate manner as the child grows. Some may expand as a result of trauma or infection. Vascular malformations can cause disfigurement, pain, troublesome swelling, bleeding and infection. Some are associated with growth abnormalities in the affected body part.  

Please click on one of the following types of vascular malformations to learn more and to read frequently asked questions: