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MS Kids

What is multiple sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disorder where patients experience multiple demyelinating attacks.

What is "Relapsing-Remitting" Multiple Sclerosis?

A “relapse” is a demyelinating event which may lead to decreased and/or double vision, weakness of the arms and/or legs, poor balance or other symptoms. A “remission” is a period of time when symptoms are usually not apparent or troublesome.  Relapsing-remitting MS is when the signs and symptoms of demyelination occur at one point, recover after a certain period of time, but return after a period of remission.

What are the symptoms of MS?

The symptoms are wide-ranging because they are the result of an attack on the myelin of the brain, spinal cord and/or optic nerves. Some common symptoms are:

  • Hand and/or leg weakness
  • Tingling and/or numbness in other areas
  • Dizziness and/or loss of balance or difficulty walking
  • Pain in eyes, blurred or double vision, decreased vision

Other signs and symptoms can include:

  • Depression & severe fatigue
  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing
  • Thinking and memory difficulties
  • Bowel and bladder issues
  • Unrelieved (chronic) pain, usually back and muscle pain
  • Muscle spasms 

Remember: symptoms vary depending on which area of the brain and/or spinal cord are being affected by the attacks on the myelin - what the patient feels depends entirely on where the attack is situated.