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Visiting SickKids

Definitions

Below is a list of “acknowledged” disabilities under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, as well as other key definitions.

Limited vision

Includes having difficulty seeing clearly and may mean the personal has tunnel vision, or a loss of peripheral or central vision.

Hearing loss

Includes having diminished hearing capacity that may, or may not, require assistive devices when communicating.

Physical disabilities

A personal may have difficult moving, standing, sitting, and limited dexterity.

Mental health disabilities

Medical conditions that can influence altered thinking, feelings and behaviours.

Intellectual or developmental disabilities

This may include intellectual deficits as well as limitations in two or more of these areas: communication, health and safety, self-direction, social skills, leisure, learning skills, personal hygiene or independent living.

Learning disabilities

A learning disability is when a person’s achievement on a standardized test in reading, math or written expression is substantially below that which is expected for the person’s age, their schooling, and level of intelligence.  This may include communication difficulties in reading, understanding, and remembering oral instruction or expressing ideas.

Speech and language difficulty

This may encompass difficulties pronouncing or forming sounds as well as stuttering and difficulty understanding others.

These disabilities can appear independently or in combination with one another.

Accommodation

Accommodation is a term used to describe the support, services, and resources made available to individuals with disabilities.  These ensure that all programs and services are accessible to the entire SickKids community.  Accommodations can include mobility and communication supports, service animals, assistive devices, and documents in different formats.