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Paediatric Laboratory Medicine

Soluble Transferrin Receptor

Clinical Significance

Transferrin receptor (TfR) is a cell membrane glycoprotein with a molecular mass of 190 kDa. Cellular iron uptake is mediated by TfR. TfR binds plasma diferric transferrin and internalizes the TfR-transferrin complex, where transferrin provides its iron to the cytosol. The receptor-bound transferrin recycles to the cell surface and is able to bind another diferric transferrin. The prime determinants of sTfR concentration are cellular iron requirements and the erythrocyte proliferation rate. The measurement of sTfR has been introduced as a powerful tool for the diagnosis of iron deficiency in a variety of clinical situations. Basically, the concentration of serum sTfR increases in iron deficiency anemia and in conditions of high turnover erythropoiesis (i.e. hemolytic anemia). Decreased concentrations of sTfR have been detected in aplastic anemia and chronic renal failure.The sTfR concentration has also been shown to be a more  sensitive and less variable index of iron status than the more conventional serum iron, transferrin and total iron-binding capacity

Test Name

Soluble Transferrin Receptor

Test Code

STRP

Division

Biochemistry - Biochemistry

Method

Spectrophotometric

Turn Around Time

Monday to Friday

Specimen Type

Serum or Sodium/Lithium Heparin plasma

Minimum Specimen Requirements

250 uL

Storage/Transportation

Frozen

Approval is not required

CPT Codes

84238

Shipping and Contact Information

The Hospital for Sick Children
Rapid Response Laboratory
170 Elizabeth Street, Room 3642
Toronto, ON
M5G 2G3
Canada
Phone: 416-813-7200
Phone: 1-855-381-3212

Reference Range

1-11y: 0.8 - 1.6 mg/L
12-19y : 0.7 - 1.5 mg/L
≥20y: 0.4 - 1.2 mg/L