Facebook Pixel Code
therapist and children


research using NMES

The Rehabilitation Department is strongly committed to and seeks to excel in clinical research activities which will help to improve the understanding and acute rehabilitation management of childhood disorders. Within our department, we have a Scientific Review committee consisting of the PT and OT representatives and content reviewers who may be from other programs, disciplines or external to the hospital.

Project Investigator

Therapists are appointed to the position of Project Investigator through the SickKids Research Institute. A project investigator is defined as any SickKids staff member who is involved in research either through directly funded projects, the supervision of research students or research in their area of practice.

Graduate Education

Physiotherapists and Occupational Therapists graduate from Canadian universities with a professional Master’s degree, either MScPT or MScOT. Therapists have also completed further graduate education in research, education, health administration or ethics.

Select Publications

Agnew, J., & Owen, B. (2012). Cystic Fibrosis.  In Campbell S., Palisano R,J (Eds.), Physical Therapy for Children, 4th Edition: (pp. 781 – 814). Philadelphia, Elsevier Saunders.

Arad, E., Stephens, D., Curtis, C.,Clarke, H. (2013) Botulinum toxin for the treatment of motor imbalance in obstetrical brachial plexus. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 131 (6) 1307-1315 doi:10.1097/PRS.obo13e31828bd487

Ayling Campos, A., Graveline, C., Ferguson, J., Lundon, K., Schneider, R., and Laxer, R. (2001). The Physical Therapy Practitioner: An expanded role of physical therapy in pediatric rheumatology. Physiotherapy Canada, 53(Fall 2001), 282 - 287.

Ayling Campos, A., Amaria K., Campbell, F., and McGrath, PA. (2011). Clinical Impact and Evidence Base for Physiotherapy in Treating Childhood Chronic Pain. Physiotherapy Canada, 63 (Winter 2011), 21-33.

Barden, W., Brooks, D., Ayling-Campos, A. (1995). Physical therapy management of the subluxated wrist in children with arthritis.  Physical Therapy. 75, 879-885.

Banwell, B. L., Mildner, R.J., Hassall, A. C., Becker, L.E., Vajsar, J., Shemie, S.D. (2003). Muscle weakness in critically ill children Neurology, 61(12), 1779 - 1782

Barden, W., Clarke, H., McKee, N., Young, N., Regehr, G. (2000). Effectiveness of telehealth for teaching specialized hand assessment techniques to physical therapists. Academic Medicine. 75(10), S43-46.

Binks, J. A., Barden, W.S., Burke, T.A., Young, N.L. (2007). What do we really know about the transition to adult-centered health care? A focus on Cerebral Palsy and Spina Bifida. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 88(8), 1064-73.

Borschel, G. H., Curtis, C.G., Clarke, H.M. (2010). Pediatric brachial plexus injuries.  In J .L Marsh & C.A Perlyn( Eds.) Decision Making in Plastic Surgery (pp. 182-183). St. Louis. Quality Medical Publishing.

Borschel, G., Ho, E.S., Clarke, H.M. (2008). Congenital Hand Anomalies: Failure of Formation.  In Bentz, M.L., Bauer, B.S., and Zuker, R.M., (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Pediatric Plastic Surgery (pp. 1085 – 1126). St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing.

Boyd, S., Brooks, D., Agnew-Coughlin, J., Ashwell, J. (1994). Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with Cystic Fibrosis. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 6(2), 70-74.

Bradley, C. S., Bullinger, M., McCusker, P.J., Wakefield, C.D., Blanchette, V.S., Young N.L. (2006). Comparing two measures of quality of life for children with haemophilia the CHO-KLAT and the Haemo-QoL. Haemophilia, 12(6), 643 - 653.

Breton, S., Brookes, N., & Marcus, S.(1999). OT's Guide to Pediatric Videofluoroscopy. Therapy Skill Builders: USA.

Clarke, H. M., Curtis, C.G. (1995). An approach to the assessment of obstetrical brachial plexus injuries. Hand Clinics. 11, 563-580.

Cochrane Review - Morrison L., A., Agnew, J. (2009). Oscillating devices for airway clearance in people with cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1).

Cochrane review – Morrison L., A., Agnew, J. (2011).  Update Oscillation PEP devices. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1).

Curtis, C. G., Stephens, D., Clarke, H.M., Andrews, D. (2002). The active movement scale: An evaluative tool for infants with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy. J Hand Surg (Am) 27 (3), 470-478.

De Kleijn,P., Odent, T., Berntorp, E., Hilliard, P., Pasta, G., Srivastava, A., Illescu, A., Mohanty, S. (2012). Differences between developed and developing countries in paediatric care in haemophilia. Haemophilia, 18 (suppl. 4), 94-100.

Deliva, R. D., Hassall, A., Manlhiot, C., Solomon, M., McCrindle, B.W., Dipchand, A.I.  (2012). Effects of an Acute, Outpatient Physiotherapy Exercise Program Following Pediatric Heart or Lung Transplantation. Pediatric Transplantation. 16, 879 - 886.

Feldman,B.M., Funk, S., Bergstrom, B-M., Zourikian, N., Hilliard, P., Van Der Net, J., Engelbert, R., Petrini, P., Van Den Berg, M., Manco-Johnson, M.J, Rivard, G.E., Abad, A., Blanchette, V.S. (2011) Validation of a New Pediatric Joint Scoring System From the International Hemophilia Prophylaxis Study Group: Validity of the Hemophilia Joint Health Score. Arthritis Care & Research, 63(2) 223–230.

Fisher, D. M., Borschel, G.H., Curtis, C.G., Clarke, H.M. (2007). Evaluation of elbow flexion as a predictor of outcome in obstetrical brachial plexus palsy. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 120(6), 1585-1590.

Groen W., Van der Net J., Bos K., Abad A., Bergstrom B.M, Blanchette V.S., Felman, B.M., Funk, S.,Helders, P., Hilliard, P., Manco-Johnson,M., Petrini, P., Zourikian, N., Fischer,K.  (2011) Joint Health and functional ability in children with haemophilia who receive intensive replacement therapy. Haemophilia ,17, 783-790.

Hilliard, P., Funk, S., Zourikian, N., Bergstrom, B.M., Bradley, C S., McLimont, M., Manco-Johnson, M., Petrini, P., Van den Berg, M. (2006). Hemophilia joint health score reliability study. Haemophilia, 12 (5), 518-525.

Ho E.S., Curtis C.G., Clarke H.M. (2012) The Brachial Plexus Outcome Measure: Development, Internal Consistency, and Construct Validity. J. Hand Therapy, 25 (4), 406-17.

Ho, E.S., Clarke, H.M. (2005). Discussion: Functional outcome for children with thumb aplasia undergoing pollicization. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 116 (5). 1324 - 5.

Ho, E.S., Clarke, H.M. (2005). Functional Evaluation of Children with Congenital Upper Extremity Malformations. Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 32(4), 471 - 483.

Ho, E.S., Clarke, H.M. (2005). Upper Extremity in Children with Anomalies. Journal of Hand Therapy, 18(3), 352 - 364.

Ho, E. S., Curtis, C.G., Clarke, H.M. (2006). Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory: Its application to OBPP. Journal of Hand Surgery, American Volume. 31A, 197 - 202.

Ho, E. S. (2010). Development and Biochemical Considerations in the Provisions of Wrist Orthoses in Children with Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy. Journal of Hand Therapy, 1(6), 1 - 6.

Ho, E. S. (2010). Measuring Hand Function in the Young Child. Journal of Hand Therapy, 2 (3), 323 - 330.

Ho, E. S., Roy, T., Stephens, D., Clarke, H.M. (2010). Serial Casting and Splinting of Elbow Flexion Contractures in Children with Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy. Journal of Hand Surgery, American Volume. 35A, 84 - 91.

Ho E.S., & Ulster A.A .(2011) Evaluation of an Education Day for Families of Children with Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy. Families, Systems & Health, 29(2), 206-214.

Humphries, T., Wright, M., McDougall, B., Vertes, J. (1990). The Efficacy of Sensory Integration Therapy for Children with Learning Disability. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 10( 3),1-17.

Igoe, D., Peralta, C., Jean, L, Vo, S., Ngan-Yep, L., Zabjek, K. & Wright,V. (2011) Preliminary Investigation of the Test-Retest Reliability of the Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire for a Sample of Preschool-Aged Children. Infants and Young Children. 24(3), 280-291.

Janicki, J. A., Narayanan, U.G., Harvey, B., Roy, A., Weir, S., B Wright, J.G. (2009). Comparison of Surgeon and Physiotherapist-Directed Ponseti Treatment of Idiopathic Clubfoot. Journal of Bone Joint Surgery Am., 91, 1101 - 1108.

Klaassen, R. J., Blanchette, V.S., Barnard, D., Wakefield, C.D., Curtis, C., Bradley, C S., Neufeld, E.J., Buchanan, G.R.m Silva, M.P., Chan, A.K., Young, N.L. (2007 - May). Validity, reliability, and responsiveness of a new measure of health-related quality of life in children with immune thrombocytopenic purpura: the Kids' ITP Tools. Journal of Pediatrics, 150(5), 510-515, 515.e511.

Kulkarni, A. V., Piscione, J., Shams, I., Bouffet, E. (in press). Long-term quality of life in children treated for posterior fossa brain tumors. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Lapid, O., Ho, E. S., Goia, C., Clarke, H.M, . (2007). Evaluation of the sensory deficit after sural nerve harvesting in pediatric patients. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 119 (2), 670 - 674.

Lin, J. C., Schwentker-Colizza, A., Curtis, C.G., Clarke, H.M. (2009). Final results of grafting versus neurolysis in obstetrical brachial plexus palsy. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 123(3), 939-948.

Manco-Johnson, M. J., Pettersson, H., Petrini, P., Babyn, P.S., Bergstrom, B.M., Bradley, C.S., Doria, A.S., Feldman, B.M., Funk, S., Hilliard, P., Kilcoyne, R., Lundin, B., Nuss, R., Rivard, G., Schoenmakers, M.A., Van drn Berg, M., Wiedel, J., Zourikan, N., Blanchette, V.S. (2004 - October). Physical Therapy and imaging outcome measures in a haemophilia population treated with factor prophylaxis: current status and future directions. Haemophilia, 10, Suppl 4, 88-93.

Marcus, S., & Breton, S. (2013). Infant and Child Feeding and Swallowing. Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention. American Occupational Therapy Association Press: Bethesda, MD.

Marcuz, J., Whitney-Mahoney, K. (2013). Juvenile Dermatomyositis, In Jobst, E. (Ed), Physical Therapy Case Files: Acute Care: (pp. 409-424). New York, McGraw Hill Education.

McIlwaine, M. P., Alarie, N., Davidson, G.F., Lands, L.C., Ratjen, F., Milner, R., Owen, B., Agnew, J.L. (2013). Long Term multicentre randomised controlled study of high frequency chest wall oscillation versus positive expiratory pressure mask. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2012-202915.

Nilson, J., Schachter, C., Mulder, K., Hahn, M., Steele, M., Hilliard, P., Jarock, C. (2012). A qualitative study identifying the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of young men with mild hemophilia.  Haemophilia 18, e120–e125

Pakulis, P. J., Young, N.L., Davis, A.M. (2005). Evaluating physical function in an adolescent bone tumor population. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 45 (5), 635 - 643.

Piscione, P. J., Davis, Aileen M., Young, Nancy L (in press ) (2013). An examination of adolescent bone tumor patient responses on the Activities Scale for Kids (ASK). Physical and Occupational Therapy in Paediatrics. doi:10.3109/01942638.2013.784719

Piscione, P. J, Eric Bouffet, Donald J. Mabbott, Iffat Shams, Abhaya V. Kulkarni (in press) (2013). Physical Functioning in Pediatric Survivors of Childhood Posterior Fossa Brain Tumors Neuro-Oncology

Tse, R., Marcus, J.R., Curtis, C.G., Dupuis, A., Clarke, H.M., (2011). Suprascapular nerve reconstruction in obstetrical brachial plexus palsy: Spinal accessory nerve transfer versus C5 root grafting. Plastic. Reconstr. Surg. 6, 2391-2396.

Young, N., Gilbert, T., McCormick, A., Ayling Campos, A., et al. (2007). Youth and Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy: Their use of Physicians and Hospitals Services. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 88, 696-702.

Young, N., McCormick, A., Gilbert, T., Ayling Campos, A., Burke, T., Fehlings, D., and Wedge, J. (2011). Reasons for Hospital Admissions Among Youth and Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 92 (1), 46 - 50.

Young, N., Barden, W., McKeever, P., Dick, P.T. and The Tele-HomeCare Team (2006). Taking the call bell home: A qualitative evaluation and Tele-HomeCare for children. Health and Social Care in the Community, 14(3), 231-241.

Young, N., Barden, W., Mills, W., Law, M., Boydell, K. (2009). Transition to adult-oriented health care: Key messages from youth and adults with chronic and complex physical disabilities of childhood. Journal of Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatric, 29(4), 345-361.

Young, N. L., Barden, W., Leforte, S., Nissen-Jordan, C., Daniels, C., Dick, P. and the Tele-HomeCare Team (2004). Tele-HomeCare: A comparison of three Canadian models. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health, 10(1), 45-52.

Young, N. L., Bradley, C. S., Blanchette, V.S., Wakefield, C.D., Bamard, D.,Wu, J.K., McCusker, P.J. (2004 - March). Development of health-related quality of life measure for boys with haemophilia: the Canadian Haemophilia Outcomes--Kids Life Assessment: Tool (CHO-KLAT). Haemophilia, 10 Suppl 1, 34-43.

Young, N. L., Bradley, C.S., Wakefield, C.D., Bamard, D., Blanchette, V.S., McCusker, P.J. (2006 - September). How well does the Canadian Haemophilia Outcomes - Kids' Life Assessment Tool (CHO-KLAT) measure the quality of life of boys with haemophilia? Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 47(3), 305-311.