Status of Current Environmental Health Challenges in China

Status of Current Environmental Health Challenges in China

A study from the laboratory of Xiaoming Shen of the Shanghai Institute for Pediatric Research, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children’s Environmental Health, Shanghai XinHua Hospital, affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,  Shanghai, China (xmshen@shsmu.edu.cn) was presented by Chonghuai Yan of the same institutes.

 Dr. Yan described the levels of blood lead in children in Beijing (Figures 5.1, 5.2, 5.3) before and after removal of lead from gasoline. Similar findings were observed in Shanghai (Figures 5.4, 5.5, 5.6). Those findings are summarized in Figure 5.7 and the factors responsible for the dramatic drop are described in Figure 5.8. Examples of initiatives to improve the environment are shown in Figures 5.9 and 5.10.

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 Although there has been considerable improvement in lead pollution in major cities in China cases of severe lead poisoning still occur (Figure 5.11). The existing causes of pollution are described in Figures 5.11 and 5.12.  Dr. Yan summarized the challenge of reducing these persistent problems of lead pollution in China. They have achieved success in many of the large cities and are hopeful that improvements can be made in the rest of the country.

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