Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome: EYA1
Brachiootorenal Spectrum Disorders, Melnick-Fraser Syndrome
- BOR, BOP
Blood; extracted DNA will not be accepted for the MLPA portion of this test.
For details about specimen requirements, please refer to: Specimen Type & Requirements (PDF).
- Blood: 5-10 mL in EDTA, 0.5 mL in EDTA (neonate);
- DNA-minimum 10 ug in 100 uL low TE (pH8.0) (sequencing only)
DNA extracted at an external lab is not accepted for MLPA testing.
For details about specimen requirements, please refer to: Specimen Type and Requirements
If sample shipment >48 hours, ship on ice.
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by branchial, otic and renal anomalies. Branchial arch defects include cysts and fistulae. Otologic findings include sensorineural, conductive or mixed hearing loss with malformations of the outer, middle and inner ear. Renal malformations range from mild renal hypoplasia to bilateral renal agenesis, with some individuals progressing to end-stage renal disease later in life. Patients with BOR syndrome may show variability in clinical features due to incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity.
BOR syndrome is genetically heterogeneous; however, mutations in the EYA1 gene at 8q13.3 have been implicated in about 40 per cent of BOR syndrome cases. Of BOR syndrome patients with EYA1 mutations, approximately 75–80 per cent have point mutations in the EYA1 gene while the remainder may have rearrangements of the gene causing large deletions or insertions. Molecular testing for BOR syndrome consists of complete sequencing of the coding region and flanking exon/intron boundaries of the EYA1 gene to detect point mutations, and quantitative testing of the EYA1 gene to detect larger deletions or duplications.
BOR syndrome is present when an individual has one copy of the defective EYA1 gene. Affected individuals have a 50 per cent chance of transmitting the disorder to each child. There is a 50 per cent chance that the affected individual’s offspring will not be affected with BOR syndrome.
See related information sheet: Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome
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