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Andrew Howard

Title: Head, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
Designations: MD, FRCSC, M.Sc.
Phone: 416-813-6430
Alternate Contact Name: Maricar Aruta
Alternate Phone: 416-813-6430
Alternate Email:
U of T Positions: Director, Office of International Surgery and Professor, Department of Surgery

Hospital Positions

Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery

Research Positions

Senior Scientist
Child Health Evaluative Sciences


Dr. Howard is a paediatric orthopaedic surgeon specializing in rare conditions and injuries. In addition to his surgical training, he holds a master of science in Epidemiology (1998) from the University of Ottawa. 

Dr. Howard’s research focuses on prevention of road traffic injuries to children, which are a leading cause of childhood death and disability  Dr. Howard also studies the causes and treatments of rare bone diseases in children, including osteogenesis imperfecta and skeletal dysplasias. 

In addition, Dr. Howard works with surgical colleagues from low income countries with the aim that children around the world should all be able to access safe, essential surgical care. 


Dr. Howard is an orthopaedic clinician-scientist, whose research focuses on prevention of road traffic injuries to children, which are overwhelmingly the leading cause of death for children in developed countries. Dr. Howard studies the biomechanics and epidemiology of child motor vehicle occupant, pedestrian and cyclist injuries. This work is done in through funded Canada-wide networks with CIHR and/or Industry Canada’s continuous funding for the past 18 years

Dr. Howard also studies the epidemiology of other childhood injury including falls and sports injuries. He has worked with the Toronto District School board to study the relationship between playground equipment and injury risk. Dr. Howard also researches the prevention and treatment of unintentional injury to children in low income countries, is the Director of the Office of International Surgery at the University of Toronto, and an active member of the Canadian Network for International Surgery.


  1. Fridman L, Ling R, Rothman R, Cloutier MS, Macarthur C, Hagel B, Howard AW. Effect of Reducing the Posted Speed Limit to 30 Km per Hour on Pedestrian Motor Vehicle Collisions in Toronto, Canada - A quasi experimental, pre-post study. BMC Public Health. Feb 2020. Senior Author
  2. Escott B, Howard AW, To T, Beaton D.  Risk of Recurrent Fracture: A Population-Based Study. Pediatrics. August 2019:  144(2). Senior Author
  3. Rothman L, Macarthur C, To T, Buliung R, Howard AW. Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions and Walking to School: The Role of the Built Environment. Pediatrics. 2014 Apr 7
  4. Pui Shuen Lee, P; Mihailovic, M; Rothman, L; Mutto, M; Nakitto, M; Howard AW. Pedestrian Injuries in School-Attending Children:  A Comparison of Injury Surveillance Techniques in a Low-Income Setting. Injury Prevention. 2009 Apr 1;15:100-104 
  5. Howard, AW; Macarthur, C; Rothman, L; Willan, A; Macpherson, A. School Playground Surfacing and Arm Fractures in Children: A Cluster Randomized Trial Comparing Sand to Wood Chip SurfacesPLoS Medicine. 2009 Dec 15;6(12):e1000195 

See a full list of Andrew Howard's publications

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