If you are experiencing an Emergency, visit Coming to the SickKids Emergency Department.
Our Emergency Department (ED) is by far one of the busiest paediatric emergency departments in Canada with approximately 200-300 visits per day. Approximately 82,000 children and their families will visit the ED each year with various needs. Regardless of the reason for these visits, we strive to provide courteous and efficient care at all times.
We are the primary care paediatric hospital for the downtown core of Toronto and the tertiary paediatric referral centre for the Greater Toronto Area. We are also the paediatric trauma centre for Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area with approximately 200 major trauma cases managed per year in our ED.
Our team of highly trained and experienced staff deal with a wide spectrum of illnesses, injuries and traumas. Our ability to promptly respond to these children comes from our strong commitment to clinical excellence, education and research. To ensure that the sickest patients are seen first, we use a two-tiered triage system.
T1 quickly identifies children who are ill and require more urgent assessment. T2 encompasses the completion of a focused history and physical exam by an experienced nurse who assigns of one of five P-CTAS scores (Paediatric Canadian Triage Acuity System).
For patients and families wanting to learn more about coming to the SickKids Emergency Department, visit the Coming to Emergency page.
The SickKids Trauma Program was established in 1989 with a mandate to provide quality patient care to our trauma patients. We are a lead trauma hospital, meaning we are responsible for ensuring a high-level of care for patients with serious trauma and providing leadership in the areas of injury prevention and trauma education and research.
Expand each section below to learn more about this program.
The Trauma Program is an interdisciplinary team under the leadership of Dr. Suzanne Beno.
Dr. Suzanne Beno, Medical Co-Director, Trauma Program,
Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine
Administrator: Ms. Johanna Crudden, firstname.lastname@example.org
Clinical Director: Linette Margallo, email@example.com
Patient Care Co-Ordinator: Dorothy McDowall, firstname.lastname@example.org
Data Analyst: Margaret Kreller, email@example.com
The Interdisciplinary Trauma Team works cohesively to provide the best care to the patient and family during their hospital stay and to determine the need for follow-up services in the community. The team is committed to meeting the needs of the child and family, through collaboration and active participation of each discipline to plan and deliver patient care, while remaining focused on child and family-centred goals and values.
Trauma Patient Care Co-ordinator
- Coordinates and facilitates communication between the health-care team and patients/families involved in trauma.
- Is often the contact person for trauma patients and families during hospitalization and after discharge.
- Is involved in Trauma Program development, including Quality Management activities.
Please contact for any other questions regarding our trauma program.
- Is available to give spiritual and emotional care to patients and families at any time of the day or night.
- Is available to counsel and support you and your family, offer prayers, and give the sacraments.
- Supports the psychosocial well-being of children and adolescents during their time in the hospital.
- Provides recreational activities to promote your child's adjustment to the hospital.
- Offers a range of therapeutic play-based activities to build supportive relationships, helps patients gain mastery over their environments, cope with pain and painful procedures, and learn about hospital procedures.
- Promotes optimum development, normal living patterns and minimizes the negative impact of illness and hospitalization for children and families.
- Helps decide what kind of food and liquids your child needs.
- Checks the amount your child is eating and his or her weight to make sure your child is getting the best food that will help him or her heal.
The Hospital for Sick Children is a teaching hospital and you may meet doctors at various stages of their training.
Staff Doctor: This doctor works for SickKids and is responsible for the medical care of your child while in the hospital. This doctor is a "specialist" who has had extra training and a lot of experience in the area of your child's injury. Other specialists may be consulted if your child has more than one health need. You may meet many doctors while your child is in the hospital but the staff doctor that your child is admitted under is responsible for his or her medical care.
Fellow or Resident: These are experienced doctors who have come to the Hospital to specialize in a certain area of medicine and to advance their skills. They monitor your child on a daily basis and provide a plan of care under the supervision of the staff doctor.
Is specially trained to look at the effects of a brain injury on your child's memory, attention, problem solving, ability to make sense of information, and ability to behave the right way in different situations.
Can suggest how your child, you, and your child's teachers can deal with the effects of your child's brain injury.
An occupational therapist assesses children to determine if they are having difficulty with doing everyday tasks after an injury. As a child recovers from injury, the occupational therapist will assess and provide therapeutic intervention to help with:
- Self-care skills (for example: eating and swallowing, dressing, washing)
- Play skills (for example: playing with toys or a game, moving to get a toy, playing with friends)
- School skills (for example: attention and memory skills, problem solving, printing, writing).
A physiotherapist helps children with movement problems after an injury. Physiotherapy services, including assessment, treatment and education, are available to children and families in the Trauma Program. The aim of physiotherapy is to help children to be strong, healthy and able to move well after an injury. The physiotherapist will see children who need help to:
- Use a part of their body (for example: breathing exercises or to strengthen muscles)
- Perform an activity (for example: to throw a ball or walk up the stairs)
- Return to their community (for example: walk with crutches at school or move around at home).
A nurse will be responsible for caring for your child in the Emergency Department, Critical Care Unit, and the Trauma Unit. Nursing care:
- Provides physical care at your child's bedside
- Works with the health-care team and you to make a plan of care for your child
- Teaches you about the special care your child may need
- Helps you access support and/or services you may need
- Provides a link between you and the health care team.
Social work services are available to all patients and their families who are admitted to the SickKids Trauma Program. The social worker can assist you in any of the following areas:
- Supporting you and your child during periods of crisis and throughout hospitalization.
- Linking you to available hospital and community resources.
- Advocating for you in hospital and in the community.
- Offering individual counselling for your child.
- Offering counselling for parents, couples and families.
A speech-language pathologist provides consultation, assessment, education and treatment to infants, children and their families regarding speech, language and overall communication skills. Injuries may have an impact on a wide range of functions necessary for effective communication. These functions may include:
- Oral motor functioning (coordination of speech muscles for talking),
- Language comprehension and production (ability to understand or express ideas)
- Reading and writing
- Thinking skills (memory, problem solving and reasoning)
- Social interaction skills.
- Transitional Care Coordinator
The transitional care coordinator (TCC)
- Facilitates the flow of medically complex children across the continuum from admission to discharge
- Fosters effective communication with patients, families, caregivers, service providers and community agencies to ensure continuity, quality of care and optimal support and services
- Promotes a seamless transition of patients and their family from SickKids to their community.
Trauma Data Analyst
- Extracts data from various internal and external sources for entry into the hospital Trauma Registry.
- Calculates injury severity scores and codes charts for the Canadian Institute for Health Information and the Ontario Trauma Registry for reporting to the Ministry of Health.
- Fulfills requests for statistics and research related to injury.
Has someone in your family been injured? This can be a very difficult and emotional time. We have provided some resources that may be of help.
It takes a very dedicated and unique team to provide the quality of care and compassion each of our patients deserve, and we are proud of our outstanding team of health-care professionals.
Division Chief: Dr. Jason Fischer
Medical Director: Dr. Trent Mizzi
Below you'll find a list of our Paediatric Emergency Physicians.
- Dr. Krishna Anchala
- Dr. Lianne McLean
- Dr. Iwona Baran
- Dr. Olivia Ostrow
- Dr. Suzanne Beno
- Dr. Jonthan Pirie
- Dr. Kathy Boutis
- Dr. Tania Principi
- Dr. Adrienne Davis
- Dr. Savithri Ratnapalan
- Dr. Yousef Etoom
- Dr. Daniel Rosenfield
- Dr. Jabeen Fayyaz
- Dr. Suzan Schneeweiss
- Dr. Yaron Finkelstein
- Dr. Deborah Schonfeld
- Dr. Mieille Gharib
- Dr. Suzanna Schuh
- Dr. Greg Harvey
- Dr. Dennis Scolnik
- Dr. Anna Kempinska
- Dr. Laura Simone
- Dr. Charisse Kwan
- Dr. Mark Tessaro
- Dr. Michelle Lee
- Dr. Sasha Litwin
Research and innovation
Our Research Council facilitates the coordination of research from within the Division as well as promotes the cooperation with other paediatric centres in Canada, and around the world.
We have a dedicated coordinator that oversees research efforts in the Department in order to bring research to a new level. Our highly successful student volunteer research assistant in child health program (SEARCH) facilitates the enrollment of emergency department patients into many impactful local, national, and international prospective research studies every year.
Our Division carries out research in many different areas. We also remain an active participant in the national Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP).
- Bicycling Injuries
- Bone fractures
- Car seat usage and safety
- Quality Improvement
- Shunt obstruction
- Septic shock
- Suicidal ideation or behaviour
- Traumatic brain injury
In addition to providing patient care, the Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) plays an active role in the core training of the residents at SickKids. Our division offers education and learning opportunities for Residency and Fellowships.
As a trainee in our ED, you will encounter children with a wide variety of medical, surgical, psychiatric and social problems, each of which is unique in the context of the individual child. You will meet patients and families from a wide range of cultural and socio-economic backgrounds and with a broad variety of expectations relating to their care in emergency services. To work in a busy, multidisciplinary clinical setting will allow you to develop critical decision making and communication skills. You will have opportunities to refine your approach to the sick, injured and often anxious child, allowing you to learn how to perform a proper assessment and provide care in a sensitive and caring manner.
Our job is to provide appropriate emergency care and help children and their families. It is our role to identify and manage common problems efficiently and effectively, recognize possible uncommon or rare conditions, provide appropriate emergency care and help families when care might be better given in a different setting, such as by their primary care provider or an outpatient clinic.
Interested in applying for an educational opportunity in PEM? Please select from the list below for more information on residencies, fellowships, and training opportunities.
Our division has two training programs. To be eligible for these opportunities, all candidates must be enrolled in, or have completed a residency program in, either Paediatrics or Emergency Medicine.
The Royal College Accredited Program is open to trainees who are enrolled in programs recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Canada (RCPSC) and are fulfilling the requirements for primary discipline certification or for certification of special competence.
The Clinical Fellowship Program (non-RCSPC accredited) provides an opportunity for specific training in Paediatric Emergency Medicine to candidates whose medical training was completed outside of North America. In order to apply, they must have a specialty certification in Paediatrics from their country of training. Although the training is non-RCSPSC accredited, it will be comparable to trainees at a similar level in our institution. A certificate of completion will be provided at the end of the training period.
We also have an active Clinical Research Program in the division and are currently expanding the number of clinical investigators who are attached to the division.
Our PEM training program is approved by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC).
The RCPSC accredited program is a two-year program with a certifying exam. Only trainees who have completed their residency training in North America are eligible to take the Royal College PEM examination. An additional year of advanced training is available to candidates who wish to develop a focus in a particular area, as well as for eligibility for the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) PEM examination, which requires three years of training.
Our program is designed to produce experts in the field of Paediatric Emergency Medicine. Residents benefit from the rich teaching that is provided and the wealth of pathology seen in our division. As one of the largest training programs in Canada, our residents collaborate with the large number of trained faculty who are enthusiastic mentors. Our program has been designed to meet all objectives of the Royal College and to produce confident well-rounded physicians who will become leaders in this field.
On average we are able to match four positions per year. Successful candidates will receive two years of guaranteed funding in order to meet the requirements of the RCPSC.
PEM training rotations
The curriculum is designed to ensure that residents receive teaching in clinical medicine, research methodology, evidence-based medicine and administrative issues.
- PEM x 7
- *Adult ED/ Trauma
- Critical Care
- PEM x 5
- *Adult ED/Trauma
- Selective x 2
- Plastic Surgery
- PEM Leadership
* Adult ED/Trauma rotations are completed at St. Michael's Hospital
**Toxicology can be completed either at SickKids or NYC Poison Control
PEM goals for Residents
- To acquire subspecialty expertise in the care of an acutely ill or injured child or adolescent
- To be able to triage and prioritize multiple patients efficiently
- To be able to function as ED "mock" attending (under supervision) in the second year of training
- To manage patient flow
- To supervise trainees
Residents are actively involved in simulation training throughout their training, with monthly workshops at the Simulation Centre at the SickKids Learning Institute. These sessions allow practicing critical skills used in resuscitation, trauma and leadership skills.
- To demonstrate teaching competence in the various aspects of Paediatric Emergency Medicine
- One on one bedside teaching
- Academic day - instructive/puzzling cases, interesting topics
- Critical appraisal skills
- Knowledge of PEM literature
- Teaching skills
PEM residents and fellows will participate as instructors in divisional resuscitation courses: Advanced Paediatric Life Support, Emergency Procedures Workshop, PEM Conference, Paediatric Update, etc.
- To acquire expertise to become a productive investigator
- To become familiar with various research methods and to be able to apply appropriate methodological principles to address various research questions
- To be able to critique published literature correctly
All residents are required to participate in research. A research methodology course is held each year, over a 3 day period, to introduce basic research concepts and help with projects start-up. Additionally, a divisional research day is held in the spring and all residents and fellows are expected to present their research proposal and progress report once a year.
The Department of Paediatrics’ annual research day is attended by all residents and fellows: PEM residents are expected to present a poster or oral presentation. Residents and Fellows are encouraged to present their research at the Paediatric Emergency Research of Canada (PERC) fellows’ research day held in January/February each year.
An administration course is held longitudinally throughout the year as part of the academic day. Topics include leadership skills, quality assurance, charting, ethics, telephone advice, legal issues and public relations.
Those interested in applying must do so via the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS).
For Visa trainees (with sponsorship from your home institution), you will need to apply separately from the Canadian match. Deadline to apply is March 31. Please send your application package to the PGME office at the University of Toronto with confirmation of funding.
Visa Processing, IMGs
University of Toronto
500 University Avenue, 6th floor
Toronto, ON M5G 1V7
Upon completion of your application package, including confirmed funding, suitable candidates may be contacted for an interview. Your application should clearly indicate which training path you are interested in. If you are interested in both an RCPSC (2 year) program and a Clinical Fellowship (1 year), please indicate this on your application.
For any additional inquiries, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
The Clinical Fellowship Program is suitable for candidates whose medical training was completed outside North America, or those with paediatric or emergency medicine specialty training who desire additional training in PEM.
This fellowship training is not accreditable toward Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) certification, however the training is comparable to that of all RCPSC trainees at a similar level in our institution. There are usually four funded positions available per year. As this program does not lead to RCPSC certification, it is not intended for physicians who plan to practice PEM in Canada. Most clinical fellows are paediatricians or emergency physicians planning to practice PEM outside of Canada who are interested in formal fellowship training. This program may also be suitable for Canadian emergency physicians or paediatricians who wish to improve their skills in managing paediatric emergencies and desire only one year of training. Clinical fellows will receive a certificate from SickKids upon completion of training as well as a certificate from the University of Toronto.
This is a one-year fellowship which consists of 12 PEM rotations, and four weeks of a selective rotation. Both the residents and clinical fellows will participate equally in divisional educational activities such as academic rounds and workshops. Clinical fellows are required to complete a research, educational or quality improvement project during the year.
It is expected that all clinical fellows will participate in our weekly academic rounds which include case rounds, grand rounds, trauma/toxicology/transport rounds, M&M rounds, radiology rounds, procedure workshops, etc.
It is also expected that each clinical fellow will complete a mandatory in-house sedation course that will be scheduled for you in July. Also, you will have an opportunity to attend our annual PEM Conference.
You will be given an opportunity to spend four weeks of selective time in other specialties such as POCUS, Simulation, Orthopedics, Critical Care, Neonatology, etc. All selectives will be considered and approved by the program director prior to scheduling.
All fellows in PEM are expected to complete a research project during their fellowship year. It is recognized that time for research in the clinical fellowship is limited. Therefore, each fellow will select a research mentor early in their fellowship and will be assisted in selecting an appropriate project. Research projects should be submitted for presentation at the annual Department of Paediatrics Research Day which occurs each year in May. Topics for research can be very wide-ranging and include quality improvement or systems-based projects investigating operational challenges in the ED.
PEAP (Pre-Entry Assessment Period)
The PEAP is an assessment process that evaluates international medical graduates to determine whether they can function at their reported level of training. It is 12 weeks in duration, and can be extended by the Program Director if necessary.
To obtain an unrestricted Postgraduate Medical Education certificate of registration (educational license) from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO), all international medical graduates (IMG) are now required to undergo a Pre-entry Assessment Program (PEAP) and obtain a license from the CPSO prior to full acceptance into an Ontario residency or fellowship program. Completion of the PEAP has always been a CPSO requirement for IMGs applying to residency training programs.
The candidate must have a paediatric or emergency medicine specialty or equivalent training and must meet the qualifications for an educational licence through the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons. As required by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, most foreign-trained fellows must successfully complete all Pre-Entry Assessment Program (PEAP) requirements no later than the 12th week of the Clinical Fellowship in order for their educational license to be extended for the full year. This is facilitated by the Division. Failure to meet these requirements will result in termination of the Fellowship.
Program Director: Dr. Jabeen Fayyaz
How to apply
To apply, please fill out the Clinical Fellowship Application
You will need to upload the following documents for your application. Please do not email your attachments:
- Letter of Intent – explaining your interest in the fellowship program and your future career goals (max. one page)
- Current CV
- Copy of your Medical Degree (and translation if applicable)
- Copy of your Specialty Certificate (and translation if applicable)
- Copy of your Passport
- A test of English proficiency (either the TOEFL or IELTS) will be a requirement. (TOEFL requirements 24 in speaking and a total of 93; IELTS requirements listening 7.5; Reading 6.5; Writing 7.0; Speaking 7.0))
- Three (3) Reference letters, to be sent to the email@example.com via email
Application Deadline: July 31, 2021
Academic Year: July 1, 2022 - June 30, 2023
For any inquiries, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
PEM Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship
The mission statement of the Focussed Competency Program is to train experts in pediatric emergency medicine who can serve as leaders in their local emergency departments and community at large.
Our program is designed to be an immersive experience in pediatric emergency medicine. By training at The Hospital for Sick Children, fellows will have the opportunity to work in one of the largest and busiest pediatric emergency departments along-side world-class faculty. They will quickly be given a leadership role within the department and learn both the clinical nuances of pediatric emergency medicine as well as the skills needed for running a busy department and managing multiple learners. With the volume of patients increasing every year, our emergency department currently has over 80,000 visits per year. It also serves as a major referral site for paediatrics within the province and the emergency physician is responsible for taking consultations from community practitioners, providing advice over the phone and accepting transfers.
In addition to the clinical exposure, fellows will have protected time for both structured learning at academic day as well as formal teaching opportunities for junior trainees. The curriculum will include formal training in: neonatal resuscitation (NRP), advanced pediatric life support (APLS), advanced trauma life support (ATLS), pediatric procedural sedation, airway workshops and the CASTED course for those who have not completed it. Fellows will also be given formal teaching opportunities in the classroom, simulation sessions and within the clinical environment. Although not a formal expectation of the Focussed Competency Program, a great deal of support exists for fellows who are interested in pursuing academic work in the domains of QI, research, point of care ultrasound, education or knowledge translation.
Goals of the Focussed Competency Program
- To acquire subspecialty expertise in the care of an acutely ill or injured child or adolescent
- To be able to triage and prioritize multiple patients efficiently
- To be able to assume a “staff role” in managing the Emergency Department as a whole and handling transport and telephone advice
- To manage patient flow and supervise trainees
- To demonstrate teaching competence in the various aspects of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- To develop skills inone on onebedside teaching
- To participate in academic rounds - instructive cases,interesting topics, simulation, mock codes
- To develop critical appraisal skills and teaching skills
- To become well-versed in current PEM literature
- To develop skills in leadership, quality assurance, charting, ethics, telephone advice, legal issues, and public relations
This Focussed Competency program is for 1 academic year.
Program length of training does not exceed the Royal College or College of Family Physicians of Canada standard.
The program includes 12 blocks of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and 1 selective block of the candidate’s choosing pending availability. Selective options may include Simulation, POCUS, Adult EM/Trauma, Orthopedics, EMS/ACTs, etc that will be arranged through the Program Coordinator. Vacation time is 4 weeks per year.
The program can support additional training in the following course-based training offerings:
- NeonatalResuscitation Program
- Advanced Pediatric Life Support
- Advanced Trauma Life Support
- PediatricProcedural Sedation
- CASTED course (if not previously taken)
The Ped EM Focused Competency Program is suitable for candidates who have graduated from the CCFP-EM (or are in their graduating year), as well as to residents in their PGY4+ year and in a training program affiliated with the RCPSC. This includes trainees enrolled in EM and Peds.
Certificates of completion of training will only be offered by the Hospital for SickKids, and not from the University of Toronto.
Applicants are expected to have had selective/elective experience in PEM or Pediatric Critical Care, previously completed or currently working on scholarly projects in acute care medicine (whether QI, Advocacy, or Research), as well as strong letters of reference.
To apply online, select PEM Focussed Competency Fellowship Program via the link below.
You will need to upload the following documents for your application:
- Letter of interest. Your letter should be a personal statement outlining your interest in pursuing this program with specific focus on howthis fitswithin your career goals.
- Current CV
- Copy of your Medical Degree
- Copy of Passport / Proof of Citizenship
- Three (3) Reference letters - One must be from your current program director. These can be emailed directly to email@example.com
Application deadline: July 31, 2021
Academic year: July 1, 2022 - June 30, 2023
Dr. Natasha Collia, Program Director
555 University Avenue
Toronto, ON Canada M5G 1X8
The Paediatric Emergency Medicine Simulation Fellowship at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), is an innovative one-year program designed to train future leaders in the emerging field of medical simulation.
Goals for Learning Institute Simulation Fellows
- Knowledge of development of a simulation centre, including needs assessment, development of vision and mission, development of policies and procedures.
- Learning theory and application to simulation, including knowledge, technical and behavioural skills.
- Knowledge of types of simulation including but not limited to:
- High fidelity simulation
- Procedural task training
- Standardized patients
- Computer based training and
- Virtual reality simulation
- Knowledge and skill to select, use and maintain simulation equipment.
- Development of simulation scenarios and courses, including setting learning objectives and simulation curriculum development.
- Able to obtain consent and maintain confidentiality.
- Ability to run simulation scenarios.
- Ability to debrief simulation scenarios.
- Assessment of learners, evaluation of sessions and overall program.
- Scholarship in simulation – participation in research projects, attendance at simulation meetings/conferences.
- Fellows will be expected to facilitate and debrief simulation cases (resuscitation, task training) for divisional and extra-divisional simulation programs.
- Monthly journal club - fellows participate or lead an interactive discussion of pivotal and cutting-edge simulation literature.
- Scholarly work - fellows will prepare scholarly work suitable for submission and peer review to a scholarly publication. Options include: journal reviews, textbook chapters and online references.
- Fellows contribute to the Simulation Program administration. Options include: curriculum development, rounds development or administration (e.g. Journal Club) or education programs (Junior Mock Code Program).
- Courses - fellows are expected to attend a facilitation & debriefing course either internally or internationally (optional).
- Clinical - faculty shifts in the ED at SickKids (approximately 8 shifts/month).
- Premier, free-standing, level-one trauma and tertiary-care paediatric hospital.
- Busy, inner-city referral Emergency Department.
- Formally trained faculty in EM, PEM and POCUS.
- Dedicated divisional research faculty and research assistants.
- Successful completion of a PEM fellowship and PEM Board Eligible in Canada or the United States.
- Hold or be eligible for a certificate of registration to practice medicine in Ontario as issued by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.
- Fill out the Advanced Fellowship Training online application
- Deadline: Coming soon for 2021
- Up to two positions will be awarded on a competitive basis annually.
- Further details and compensation available upon request.
Jonathan Pirie, MD, MEd, FRCPC, FAAP (PEM)
Fellowship Director & Lead PEM Simulation Program
Emergency Physician, Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine
PEM Fellowship, Division of Emergency Medicine
The Hospital for Sick Children
555 University Avenue
The Emergency Department accepts medical students and elective students from Canadian and International Medical Schools allowing for a distinctive and diverse practice for rotations of 3-4 weeks.
Our ED provides care to almost 82,000 patients annually with the most complex, tertiary-care medical problems, as well as children with common, ambulatory paediatric illnesses and concerns.
As a student, you will be guided and supervised by the experienced Attending Physicians, Fellows and Senior Residents along with other members of the ED Team. The nurses, respiratory therapists, discharge planners and child-life workers can all provide you with valuable insights and guidance and enhance your learning experience. Due to the unique nature of some of our patients' management protocols, and the differences between paediatric care from adult patients, you will be supervised closely. This supervision will provide you with better opportunities for teaching and learning through direct interactions with staff. Junior trainees in our ED review all patients with an Attending Physician, Fellow or Senior Resident in order to discuss history taking, medical examination, differential diagnosis and proposed treatment or referral plan.
Arranging for your rotation
Our program coordinator can help plan your placement with us and confirm availability for your preferred slot. Please connect via email at firstname.lastname@example.org to ensure availability.
For more information on how to apply and if you qualify, visit The University of Toronto's Elective Training portal.
Electives for visiting students are available only for those students who would be registered in their final year of medical school at the time when the elective would take place. The student should have completed their core/basic paediatric training.
Please contact Pamela Hardy at email@example.com prior to applying through the University of Toronto, to confirm availability for your preferred slot.
For visiting medical students, (those from other Canadian or International medical schools) your elective applications must be processed and approved by the Electives Office, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Toronto. Information regarding the elective procedures and the online application is available at the AFMC Student Portal.
Starting your placement in the ED
Having completed all compulsory learning and a formal orientation, you are ready to begin your first shift. Please introduce yourself to the Attending Physician that you will be working with at the start of each shift. They are responsible for supervising you, and will be able to provide you with more individualized guidance that goes beyond the basic orientation.
At the end of your rotation, an evaluation will be completed for you. Evaluations are based on collected and summarized online assessments. You should ask the Attending, Fellow or Senior Resident that you worked with most directly to complete an evaluation for you at the end of each shift. You may also ask more than one individual.
We would also encourage you to complete the "Staff Evaluation" online assessment as well. By being responsive to the needs and concerns of the trainees, we have been able to modify aspects of the rotation so as to make it the best possible experience. Appropriate and constructive criticism and commentary (positive or otherwise) from you can provide us with valuable information necessary to the ongoing development of the ED and our educational mission.
We hope that you will find your time with us to be valuable, enjoyable and a good learning experience and that you will help us to deliver the best of care to our patients and to continue to develop a valuable experience for future trainees.
PEM Teaching is held every Thursday from 9:00 to 13:00 at 525 University Ave (6th and 12th floors). You may be excused if you have worked the night before or if you have been assigned a shift. Junior trainees and clinical clerks will not be assigned a shift until after 15:00. This academic day is teaching time and should not be considered free time. Attendance will be taken and will be reflected in your evaluation.
Dedicated time has been allocated to junior trainees between 9:00 and 11:00 for teaching with a rotating schedule of interactive sessions and mock codes. Junior trainees should join the regular rounds after this time.
You should receive a teaching schedule when you begin your rotation.
Any questions regarding your evaluation or rounds, or to report your absence from rounds, should be directed to Ritsa Iriotakis at (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Educational events and symposiums
17th Annual Paediatric Emergency Medicine Conference
Registration to open: TBD
Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) Course: TBD
Location: Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning, Toronto ON
For conference and course details, expand the sections below.
- Date: TBD
- Location: 525 University Ave., Toronto, 12th floor and 6th Floor Simulation Centre
- 24 participants maximum
Registration details to come.
This intensive learning experience developed by the AAP is designed to provide core knowledge in paediatric emergency medicine for health-care providers and teach how to assess and manage critically ill children in the office setting and during the first hours in the emergency department.
The APLS Course focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis and initiation of treatment for many paediatric medical and surgical emergencies during the time the patient's condition is being stabilized in the clinic or emergency department.
Course format includes case-based learning in a small group format and emphasizes hands-on skill practice in a hi-fidelity simulated environment. Participants who attend the course and pass the final exam will receive a certificate. This is not an open-book exam. Passing grade is 80 per cent.
Please note that this is a Paediatric Emergency Medicine course, NOT a Paediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) course which is specifically directed toward the emergency management of paediatric patients approaching or already in cardiopulmonary arrest.
The APLS Course complements, but does not replace the American Heart Association/American Academy of Paediatrics sponsored Paediatric Advanced Life Support Course. It is recommended, and, most participants find it helpful to review PALS before taking this course. Don’t have PALS? Contact the Michener Institute.
Course format includes case-based lectures, small group case presentations and hands-on skill practice. Participants who attend the course and pass the final exam will receive a certificate.
* Please note: To take the one-day APLS, you need to have taken the APLS two-day course in the past, and/or taken the PALS course.
- Emergency Physicians
- Family Physicians
- Emergency Nurses
- Organizers: Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine
Maggie Stevanovic, Course Coordinator
Phone: 416-813-7654 ext.202385
Acute illness and trauma are the leading causes of unnecessary death in the paediatric population. In response to this, the Emergency Nurses Association has developed a comprehensive course to teach nurses the various aspects of paediatric emergency nursing care. The course is intended to expand the knowledge base and technical skills of the nurse to care for children in the emergency setting.
Course fee: $500 ($475 for NENA members)
Advanced Paediatric Emergency Procedural Sedation Course
Course dates: Coming soon
525 University Ave, Simulation Centre, 6th Floor
Open to everyone - Register now for the course!
This course is designed for practitioners currently using procedural sedation for children in the emergency setting who are interested in learning about evidence-based strategies to provide effective sedation while minimizing the risk of adverse events. Participants will have an opportunity to refine and practice skills in a simulated environment.
Learning Objectives: At the end of this course participants will be able to:
- Discuss recent advances in procedural sedation for children.
- Choose the most appropriate agents for sedation based on clinical indication, safety profile and desired level of sedation.
- Recognize and manage potential adverse events from procedural sedation in children.
- Provide a safe and consistent approach to evaluating and managing children requiring procedural sedation in the emergency setting.
Target Audience: Physicians Nurses Respiratory Therapists
Course director: Suzan Schneeweiss
- PALS Certification
- Airway Management Competency
Participants will receive pre-course study materials, a sedation handbook and pocket card. Upon successful completion of this course participants will receive a certificate of completion.
Questions regarding this course: email@example.com
- Participate in breakout sessions and hands-on, case-based workshops
- Identify new developments in the field of paediatric emergency medicine
- Enhance their skills in managing the challenging patient
- Learn how to use emerging technology efficiently
- Practice their skills in various hands-on workshops
- Review common pitfalls and decide if a change in practice is appropriate
- Specific objectives for each session will be highlighted by the presenter
Over 150 attendees and 50 speakers from across the continuum of emergency paediatric care will be in attendance, including:
- Paediatric emergency physicians and nurses
- Adult emergency physicians and nurses
- Family physicians and general practitioners
- Physician trainees
- Paramedics and EMTs
Organizers: Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine
Contact: Maggie Stevanovic, Course Coordinator
Phone: 416-813-7654 ext.202385
Contact Emergency Medicine at SickKids
You'll find our busy team heading the SickKids Emergency Department.
In the early days of the division's history, medical and surgical emergencies were separated geographically within the hospital. A receptionist was in charge of separating the cases, sending the "medicals" to one corner of the hospital and the "surgicals" to another. This was not an ideal system, as there were many occasions when surgical residents were called to the medical area and vice versa.
In 1975, emergency services were moved as a combined unit to the hospital’s newly constructed Gerrard Wing, and several "supervising paediatricians" were appointed for day-to-day supervision of patient care and teaching. Coverage by these supervisors spanned from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. until 1989, when round-the-clock coverage was instituted.
The division has an active fellowship program with both a two-year residency program and a one-year clinical fellowship. A large number of non-paediatric post-graduate trainees and undergraduate medical students continue to receive their primary paediatric training within the division.
The division's research interests have always been wide-ranging. Topics of recently published studies include cardiac and respiratory arrest in children, outcomes of intensive treatment for children with asthma, outpatient therapy for croup, orthopedic assessment, investigation and treatment of ankle injuries, investigations for suspected intussusception and treatment of constipation with fleet enemas.
In the face of increasing financial constraints and restructuring of health care systems, the division has been working closely with other divisions and departments in the Hospital, and with other institutions in the community, to develop protocols to expedite patient care. In many cases, emergency paediatricians have assumed responsibility for evaluating patients who were previously seen by other specialists. The division is working closely with both the CCU and NICU to establish a paediatric transport system for the seriously ill or injured child in the Greater Toronto Area.