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Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulphate (DHEA-S), plasma or serum

Alternate test name


Lab area
Clinical Biochemistry - General
Method and equipment
Abbott Ci4100
Expected turn-around time
STAT/Urgent: 4 hours Routine: 24 hours
Specimen type

Serum, K EDTA / Na Citrate / Na Heparin Plasma

Specimen requirements

150 uL

Storage and transportation


Shipping information
The Hospital for Sick Children
Rapid Response Laboratory
555 University Avenue, Room 3642
Toronto, ON
M5G 1X8
Phone: 416-813-7200
Toll Free: 1-855-381-3212
Hours: 7 days/week, 24 hours/day
Background and clinical significance

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) is the most abundant adrenal androgen and also functions as a neurosteroid that is produced by the adrenal cortex. DHEA-S is an excellent indicator of adrenal androgen production. DHEA-S exhibits only weak androgenic activity but can be metabolized to more active androgens such as testosterone and androstenedione. Serum concentrations decline with age and can serve as a prognostic factor in both critical illnesses and breast cancer progression. Elevated levels of DHEA-S are found in the plasma of patients with adrenal tumors or congenital adrenal hyperplasia. DHEA-S may also be slightly elevated in patients with polycystic ovaries. Tumors in men that produce hCG may lead to increased levels of testicular DHEA-S.

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